The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum contains three Prime Areas for children’s development. These Prime areas are essential for children’s healthy development and future learning.
The Prime Areas are:
- Communication and Language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.
-Personal, Social and Emotional Development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others: to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.
- Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and be encouraged to make healthy food choices.
The three Prime Areas underpin children’s development in the four Specific Areas
The Specific Areas are:
- Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to learn to read and write. Children are given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.
Children participate in small group phonics sessions based on the DfE Letters and Sounds Document. Through a selection of literacy based activities and games, children develop their reading and writing skills.
- Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures. Concepts are introduced to the children in small group activities using a combination of songs, stories and real life objects. Resources in the setting support children’s independent consolidation.
- Understanding the World involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
- Expressive Art and Design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.